The One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project is an extension of the vision of an architect and computer scientist, Mr. Nicholas Negroponte and his crew at MIT, the Media Club. There are various blog sites where you can find out about the mixed opinions on the One Laptop Per Child project, and it's a healthy debate on many levels.
NN: Substitute the word "education" for "laptop" and you will never ask that question again. The theory of OLPC is simple: There are 1.2 billion children in primary and secondary schools worldwide. Fifty percent of those schools have no electricity, and many are so rural they hold class under a tree. Many teachers do not show up, or have barely a sixth-grade education themselves. Under these conditions, while we build schools and train teachers (a 20- to 30-year process), let's leverage the children themselves, inside and outside of the school.